Art and the Brain: Bibliography

Abernethy, John and John Hunter. 1817. Physiological Lectures, Exhibiting a General View of Mr. Hunter’s Physiology: And of His Researches in Comparative Anatomy. Delivered Before the Royal College of Surgeons, in the Year 1817. London, England: Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, and Brown.

Abramson, Paul. 2014. Fossils: The Creationist’s Best Friend. Online at (Consulted 7 July 2014).

Ackroyd, Peter. 1990. Dickens. 1st Harper Perennial. London, England: Sinclair-Stevenson.

Afek, Arnon, et al. 2009. “Dr. Tulp’s Anatomy Lesson by Rembrandt: The Third Day Hypothesis.” Israel Medical Association Journal (IMAJ) 6 (July):389–392.

Aiken, Nancy E. 1998. The Biological Origins of Art. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers/Greenwood Publishing Group.

Albertazzi, Liliana, Gert J. Van Tonder, and Dhanraj Vishwanath (eds). 2010. Perception Beyond Inference: The Information Content of Visual Processes. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Alcock, James. 1988. “Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education, Enhancing Human Performance: Issues, Theories and Techniques, Background Papers.” In Enhancing Human Performance: Issues, Theories, and Techniques, Background Papers 601–719. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

Alcock, James. 2011. “Back from the Future: Parapsychology and the Bem Affair.” Skeptical Inquirer. Online at (consulted 20 April 2015).

Alhazen (Ibn al-Haytham). 1011–1021/1983. The Optics of Ibn al-Haytham, Books I-II-III: On Direct Vision. The Arabic text, edited and with Introduction, Arabic-Latin Glossaries and Concordance Tables. Edited by Sabra, Abdelhamid I. Kuwait: National Council for Culture, Arts and Letters.

Amedi, Amir, et al. 2011. “Pictorial Art Beyond Sight: Revealing the Mind of a Blind Painter.” In Art and the Senses, edited by Bacci, Francesca and David Melcher, 465–479. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press.

American Academy of Neurology. 2015. Neuro Film Festival 2015. Online at (consulted 31 May 2015).

American Association for the Advancement of Science. 1883. “The Vivisection Question.” Science Magazine. 2:551–552.

Amsterdam Museum. 2 July 2014. The Anatomy Lesson of Dr Jan Deijman, 1656, Rembrandt van Rijn (1606-1669). The Amsterdam Museum. Online at (consulted 2 July 2014).

Anderson, Michael L. 2014. After Phrenology: How to Study the Brain. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.

Aristotle. 350/1907. The History of Animals. Translated by Thompson, D’Arcy Wentworth. London, England: John Bell.

Aristotle. 350/1984. Metaphysics. Edited by Barnes, Jonathan. 2 vols. Princeton, NJ: Bollinger Series.

Aristotle. 350/1994-2000. de Anima (On the Soul). Translated by Smith, J. A. Web Atomics: The Internet Classics Archive

Arnott, Robert, Stanley Finger, and C. U. M. Smith. 2002. Trepanation: Discovery, History, Theory. Lisse; Exton, Pa: Swets & Zeitlinger.

Asma, Stephen T. 2001. Stuffed Animals and Pickled Heads: The Culture and Evolution of Natural History Museums. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press.

Aubert, Genevieve. 2004. “Normal and Pathological Gait as Inspiration for the Artist.” In Neurology of the Arts: Painting, Music, Literature, edited by Rose, F. Clifford, 129–140. Imperial College Press.

Aubert, Genevieve. 2010. “Neurological Illustration from Photography to Cinematography.” In Handbook of Clinical Neurology, edited by Finger, Stanley, François Boller and Kenneth L. Tyler, 289-302. London, England: Elsevier.

Bacci, Francesca. 2011. “Sculpture and Touch.” In Art and the Senses, edited by Bacci, Francesca and David Melcher, 133–147. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press.

Bacci, Francesca, and David Melcher. 2011. Art and the Senses. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press.

Bahn, Paul G, and Jean Vertut. 1997. Journey Through the Ice Age. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press.

Baigrie, Brian Scott. 1996. “Descartes’s Scientific Illustrations and ‘la grande Mécanique de la Nature.” In Picturing Knowledge: Historical and Philosophical Problems Concerning the Use of Art in ScienceToronto, edited by Baigrie, Brian Scott. University of Toronto Press.

Balter, Michael. 2011. “South African Cave Slowly Shares Secrets of Human Culture.” Science Magazine 332:1260–1261. doi: 10.1126/science.332.6035.1260.

Barbey, Aron K, Roberto Colom, and Jordan Grafman. 2013. “Architecture of Cognitive Flexibility Revealed by Lesion Mapping.” NeuroImage 0:547-554. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2013.05.087.

Barboi, Alexandru C, Christopher G. Goetz, and Radu Musetoiu. 2004. “The Origins of Scientific Cinematography and Early Medical Applications.” Neurology 62 (11):2082-6.

Barkow, Jerome H., Leda Cosmides, and John Tooby (eds). 1992. The Adapted Mind: Evolutionary Psychology and the Generation of Culture. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Barnes, S. J, and G. T. Finnerty. 2010. “Sensory Experience and Cortical Rewiring.” Neuroscientist 16 (2):186-98. doi: 10.1177/1073858409343961.

Bartsch, Adam von. 1797. Catalogue Raisonné de Toutes les Estampes qui Forment Lʼoeuvre de Rembrandt. et ceux de Ses Principaux Imitateurs. 2 vols. Vienne.: A. Blumauer.

Baumeister, Alan A. 2006. “Serendipity and the Cerebral Localization of Pleasure.” Journal of the History of the Neurosciences 15 (2):92-8. doi: 10.1080/09647040500274879.

Baumgarten, Alexander Gottlieb. 1963. Metaphysica. Editio 7. Reprografischer Nachdruck der Ausg. Halle 1779 ed. Hildesheim: G. Olms.

Bax, Ernest Belfort. 1883. “Introduction: Kant’s Prolegomena: and Metaphysical foundations of natural science.” In Kant’s Prolegomena: and Metaphysical foundations of natural science, edited by Bax, Ernest Belfort. London, England: G. Bell and Sons.

Bax, Ernest Belfort. 1901. Jean-Paul Marat: The People’s Friend. 2d ed. London: G. Richards.

Beare, John I. 1906. Greek Theories of Elementary Cognition from Alcmaeon to Aristotle. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Beck, Robert N. 1994. “The Future of Imaging Science.” In Advances in Visual Semiotics, edited by Sebeok, Thomas A. and Jean Umiker-Sebeok, 609-42. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.

Beer, Gillian. 1983. Darwin’s Plots: Evolutionary Narrative in Darwin, George Eliot, and Nineteenth-Century Fiction. London and Boston, MA: Routledge & Kegan Paul.

Bell, Charles. 1802. The Anatomy of the Brain, Explained in a Series of Engravings. London: T.N. Longman and O. Rees.

Bell, Charles. 1806. The Anatomy of Expression in Painting. London, England: Longman.

Bell, Charles. 1811a. Engravings of the Arteries: illustrating the second volume of the anatomy of the human body and serving as an introduction to the surgery of the arteries. 3rd ed. London, England: Printed for Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme and Brown.

Bell, Charles. 1811b/1966. Idea of a New Anatomy of the Brain: A Facsimile of the Privately Printed Edition of 1811, with a Bio-Bibliographical Introduction. London: Dawsons of Pall Mall.

Bell, Charles. 1840. The Hand: Its Mechanism and Vital Endowments, as Evincing Design And Illustrating the Power, Wisdom, and Goodness of God (Fourth Bridgewater Treatise). 8th ed, The Bridgewater Treatises on the Power, Wisdom, and Goodness of God Treatise. London: G. Bell & sons.

Bell, Charles. 1844. The Anatomy and Philosophy of Expression. London: John Murray.

Bell, Charles. 1847. The Anatomy and Philosophy of Expression as Connected with the Fine Arts. 4th ed. London: J. Murray.

Benedict XIV. 1738. De servorum Dei beatificatione et beatorum canonizatione, Book IV. Bologna: Formis Longhi.

Bensaude-Vincent, Bernadette , and Christine Blondel (eds). 2008. Science and Spectacle in the European Enlightenment. Burlington, VT: Ashgate Pub.

Berman, Greta, and Carol Steen. 2008. Synesthesia: Art and the Mind. Hamilton, Ontario: McMaster Museum of Art.

Bertucci, Paola. 1998 (Spring). “‘Fire and Art’: Electrical Practice in the 18th Century.” Sphaera Newsletter (7).

Bertucci, Paola 2007. “Sparks in the Dark: The Attraction of Electricity in the Eighteenth Century.” Endeavour 31 (3):88–93.

Blake, Erin. 2012. Woodcut, Engraving, or What? The Collation. Online at (consulted 8 February 2015).

Blake, William. 1893. The Poetical Works of William Blake: Lyrical and Miscellaneous. London, England: G. Bell & Sons.

Bluhm, Andreas, and Louise Lippincott. 2001. Light!: The Industrial Age 1750-1900, Art & Science, Technology & Society. New York, NY: Thames & Hudson.

Boden, Margaret A. 1994. Dimensions of Creativity. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Boden, Margaret A. 2010. Creativity and Art: Three Roads to Surprise. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press.

Boden, Margaret A. 2013. “Creativity as a Neuroscientific Mystery.” In Neuroscience of Creativity, edited by Vartanian, Oshin,; Adam S. Bristol and James C. Kaufman, Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.

Bogousslavsky, J. 2004. “Charcot and Art: From a Hobby to Science.” Eur Neurol 51 (2):78-83. doi: 10.1159/000076533.

Bogousslavsky, J. (ed.). 2005. Neurological Disorders in Famous Artists (Part I), Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience. Basel: Karger.

Bogousslavsky, J, and François Boller. 2004. “Jean-Martin Charcot and Art: Relationship of the “Founder of Neurology” with Various Aspects of Art.” In The Fine Arts, Neurology, and Neuroscience: Volume 203: Neuro-Historical Dimensions (Progress in Brain Research), edited by Finger, Stanley, et al, 185–199. Oxford: Elsevier Science.

Bogousslavsky, Julien, and M. G. Hennerici (eds). 2007. Neurological Disorders in Famous Artists (Part 2). Vol. 22. Basel: Karger.

Bogousslavsky, J, M. G. Hennerici, and H. Bazner. 2010. Neurological Disorders in Famous Artists: Part 3. Basel: S. Karger.

Bogousslavsky, Julien, and Maurizio Paciaroni. 2013. “Parkinsonism in Poets and Writers.” Prog Brain Res 206:59-71. doi: 10.1016/b978-0-444-63364-4.00021-1.

Boime, Albert. 1991. “Portraying Monomaniacs to Service the Alienist’s Monomania: Gericault and Georget.” The Oxford Art Journal 14 (1):79–91.

Bose, Georg Matthias. 1744. Tentamina Electrica In Academiis Regiis Londinensi et Parisina Primvm Habita Omni Stvdio Repetita. Wittembergae: Ahlfeld.

Boswell, James. 2008. The Life of Samuel Johnson. Edited by Chapman, R. W, J. D. Fleeman and Pat Rogers. Oxford: Oxford World’s Classics.

Boulinier, Georges. 2001. “Une femme Anatomiste au Siecle des Lumieres: Marie Marguerite Biheron (1719–1795).” Histoire des Sciences Medicales 35 (4):411-23.

Bowler, Peter J. 1989. Evolution: The History of an Idea. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Boyle, Robert. 1691. Experimenta et Observationes Physicae. London, England: Printed for John Taylor at the Ship and John Wyat at the Rose in S. Paul’s Church-Yard.

Brentano, Franz. 1874. Psychology from an Empirical Standpoint. London, England: Routledge.

Brock, C. Helen. 1994. Dr. William Hunter (1718-1783). Glasgow: University of Glasgow.

Brock, C. Helen. 1998. Iconography of Dr. William Hunter 1718-1783. London, England: Wellcome Library.

Brock, C. Helen. 2002. “The Happiness of Riches.” In William Hunter and the Eighteenth-Century Medical World, edited by Bynum, W. F. and Roy Porter, 35-43. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.

Brock, Russell Claude. 1971. “Background Details in Reynolds’s Portrait of John Hunter.” Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England (48):219–226.

Brooks, Mel; Wilder, Gene. 1974. Young Frankenstein. Hollywood, CA: 20th Century Fox.

Browne, Janet. 2004. “Darwin and the Face of Madness.” In The Anatomy of Madness: Essays in the History of Psychiatry, edited by Bynum, William F, Roy Porter and Michael Shepherd, 151–165. London, England: Routledge.

Browne, Janet. 2014. “Darwin and the Expression of the Emotions.” In The Darwinian Heritage, edited by Kohn, David. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Buller, David J. 2005. Adapting Minds: Evolutionary Psychology and the Persistent Quest for Human Nature. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Burton, June K. 2007. Napoleon and the Woman Question: Discourses of the Other Sex in French Education, Medicine, and Medical Law 1799-1815, Fashioning the Eighteenth Century. Lubbock, TX: Texas Tech University Press.

Buss, David M. 2004. Evolutionary Psychology: The New Science of the Mind. Boston, MA: Allyn and Bacon.

Butler, Marilyn. 2009. “Introduction to Frankenstein or The Modern Prometheus: The 1818 Text.” In Frankenstein or The Modern Prometheus: The 1818 Text. Oxford: Oxford World’s Classic. pp. ix–li.

California NanoSystems Institute. 2015. Website: The AlloSphere at the California NanoSystems Institute, UC Santa Barbara. California NanoSystems Institute. Online at (consulted 23 June 2015 2015).

Calinger, Ronald. 1979. “Kant and Newtonian Science: The Pre-Critical Period.” Isis 70 (3):349-362. doi: 10.2307/231373.

Callaway, Ewen. 2014. “Human evolution: The Neanderthal in the Family.” Nature News 507:414. doi:10.1038/507414a.

Callender, Gae. 2006. “The Cripple, the Queen and the Man from the North.” KMT 16:49–63. Online at (consulted 12 May 2014).

Campen, Crétien van. 2008. The Hidden Sense: Synesthesia in Art and Science, Leonardo Books. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Cannon, H. Graham. 1936. A Method of Illustration for Zoological Papers. London, England: Association of British Zoologists.

Carlo, Danielle 2013. Delivering Prometheus: A Critique of Enlightenment from Benjamin Franklin to Los Alamos, PhD thesis. Department of Spanish and Portuguese, New York University, NY.

Castagnary, Jules. 1874. “Review: The First Impressionist Show.” Le Siecle (29 April 1874).

Catania, Kenneth. 2014. “The Shocking Predatory Strike of the Electric Eel.” Science 346 (6214):1231-1234. doi: 10.1126/science.1260807.

Chambers, Robert. 1844. Vestiges of the Natural History of Creation. London, England: J. Churchill.

Chaplin, Simon. 2008. “Nature Dissected, or Dissection Naturalized? The Case of John Hunter’s Museum.” Museum and Society 6 (2):135–151.

Chaplin, Simon. 2009. John Hunter and the “Museum OEconomy,” 1750–1800, PhD thesis. Department of History, University of London, London.

Chapman, H. Perry. 1992. Rembrandt’s Self-Portraits: A Study in Seventeenth-Century Identity. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Chatterjee, Anjan. 2013. The Aesthetic Brain: How We Evolved to Desire Beauty and Enjoy Art: Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Chenique, Bruno 1997. “On the Far Left of Gericault.” In Theodore Gericault. The Alien Body: Tradition in Chaos, edited by Guilbaut, Serge, Ryan Maureen, Watson Scott, 73-75. Vancourver: Exhibition Catalogue, Morris and Helen Belkin Art Gallery, The University of British Columbia.

Chenique, Bruno 1999. On the Far Left of Géricault. Vol. 79. Paris: Edition de la Réunion des Musées Nationaux.

Cieślak-Golonka, Maria, and Bruno Morten. 2000. “The Women Scientists of Bologna.” American Scientist 88 (1):68-73. doi: 10.2307/27857965.

Clark, Grahame. 1977. World Prehistory in New Perspective. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press.

Clark, Timothy J. 1995. “Freud’s Cézanne.” Representations 52 (Autumn, 1995):94–122.

Clark, Timothy J. 1999. Farewell to an Idea: Episodes from a History of Modernism. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

Clarke, Arthur C. 1973. “Hazards of Prophecy: The Failure of Imagination.” In Profiles of the Future: An Inquiry into the Limits of the Possible, xvii, 237 p. New York, NY: Harper & Row.

Clarke, Edwin, and L. S. Jacyna. 1987. Nineteenth-Century Origins of Neuroscientific Concepts. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Clayton, Martin. 2012. “Medicine: Leonardo’s Anatomy Years.” Nature 484 (7394):314-316. doi: 10.1038/484314a.

Clayton, Martin, and Ronald Philo. 2012. Leonardo da Vinci: Anatomist. London, England: Royal Collection Publications.

Clower, W. T, and Stanley Finger. 2002. “Discovering Trepanation: The Contribution of Paul Broca.” Neurosurgery 49:1417-25.

Cobb, Matthew. 2000. “Reading and writing The Book of Nature: Jan Swammerdam (1637–1680).” Endeavour 24 (3):122–128.

Cobb, Matthew. 2002. “Timeline: Exorcizing the Animal Spirits: Jan Swammerdam on Nerve Function.” Nature Reviews Neuroscience 3:5.

Codognet, Philippe. 2003. “Artificial Nature and Natural Artifice (Nature Artificielle et Artifice Naturel).” In Immersive (L’art à l’âge du virtuel), edited by Buci-Glucksmann, Christine, 462–465. Paris: L’Harmattan.

Cohen, I. Bernard. 1990. Benjamin Franklin’s Science. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Conner, Clifford D. 1998. Jean Paul Marat: Scientist and Revolutionary: Humanity Books.

Cooper, Melinda. 2008. “Monstrous Progeny: The Teratological Tradition in Science and Literature.” In Frankenstein’s Science: Experimentation and Discovery in Romantic Culture, 1780-1830, edited by King, Christa Knellwolf and Jane R. Goodall, 87–116. Farnham, Surrey, England: Ashgate.

Corner, Betsy Copping. 1951. “Dr. Ibis and the Artists: A Sidelight upon Hunter’s atlas, The Gravid Uterus.” Journal of the History of Medicine, (6):1-21.

Creation Museum. 2014. Fun With Fossils. The Creation Museum Online at (consulted 12 November 2014).

Crivellato, Enrico and Domenico Ribatti. 2007. “Soul, Mind, Brain: Greek philosophy and the Birth of Neuroscience.” Brain Research Bulletin 71 (4):327-36. doi: 10.1016/j.brainresbull.2006.09.020.

Csikszentmihalyi, Mihaly. 1996. Creativity: Flow and the Psychology of Discovery and Invention. New York, NY: Harper Collins Publishers.

Cunningham, Andrew. 2010. The Anatomist Anatomis’d: An Experimental Discipline in Enlightenment Europe, History of medicine in context. Farnham, Surrey, England; Burlington, VT: Ashgate.

Cunningham, Andrew. 2015. “Quis Custodiet Ipsos Custodes? Or, What Richard Own Did to John Hunter’s Collection.” In The Fate of Anatomical Collections, edited by Knoeff, Rina and Robert Zwijnenberg, 23–52. Farnham, Surrey, England: Ashgate.

Cunningham, Andrew, and Nicholas Jardine. 1990. Romanticism and the Sciences. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.

Cytowic, Richard E. 2002. Synesthesia: A Union of the senses. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Daly, Martin, and Margo Wilson. 1978. Sex Evolution, and Behavior: Adaptations for Reproduction. North Scituate, MA: Duxbury Press.

Daly, Martin, and Margo Wilson. 1988. Homicide, Foundations of Human Behavior. New York, NY: A. de Gruyter.

Danto, Arthur C. 2003. The Abuse of Beauty: Aesthetics and the Concept of Art, The Paul Carus Lecture Series. Chicago, Ill: Open Court.

Darlington, Anne. 1991. The Royal Academy of Arts and its Anatomical Teachings; with an Examination of Art-Anatomy Practices During the Eighteenth and early Nineteenth Centuries in Britain. PhD thesis. Institute of Education, University of London, London.

Darwin, Charles. 1859. On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection. London: J. Murray.

Darwin, Charles. 1871. The Descent of Man and Selection in Relation to Sex. London, England: John Murray.

Darwin, Charles. 1872/1998. The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals. Edited by Ekman, Paul. London, England: Harper Collins.

Darwin, Charles. 1881. “Vivisection.” Science: A Weekly Record of Scientific Progress 2:293.

Darwin, Charles. 1896. Charles Darwin’s Works: The Variation of Animals and Plants Under Domestication. London, England: D. Appleton.

Daston, Lorraine, and Peter Galison. 2007. Objectivity. New York, NY: and Cambridge, MA: Zone Books.

Davy, Humphry. 1839. “Course of Lectures on Chemistry.” In The collected works of Sir Humphry Davy, edited by Davy, John, 188–209. London, England: Smith, Elder and Co.

Davy, Humphry, and John Davy. 1839. The Collected Works of Sir Humphry Davy. 9 vols. London: Smith, Elder and Co.

Dawley, J. Searle. 1910. Frankenstein. New York, NY: Edison Studio.

De Haan, Daniel D, and Geoffrey A. Meadows. 2013. “Aristotle and the Philosophical Foundations of Neuroscience.” Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 87:213-230. doi: 10.5840/acpaproc201441415.

De Semlyen, Phil. Empire Online: First Look At Bernard Rose’s Frankenstein. Bauer Consumer Media 10 April 2015. Online at (consulted 3 August 2015).

De Rijcke, Sarah. 2010. Regarding the Brain: Practices of Objectivity in Cerebral Imaging Seventeenth Century—Present, PhD thesis. Rijksuniversiteit Groningen, Groningen.

De Wetering, Ernst van. 1997. Rembrandt: The Painter at Work. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press.

De Wetering, Ernst van. 2015. Rembrandt Research Project (RRP): Encyclopaedia Britannica Online. Encyclopaedia Britannica Inc. Online at (consulted 29 July 2015).

Dempster, W.J. 2005. The Illustrious Hunter and the Darwins. Lewes, East Sussex, England: Book Guild Ltd.

Descartes, René. 1637. Discours de la methode pour bien conduire sa raison, & chercher la verité dans les sciences. Plus La dioptriqve. Les meteores. Et La geometrie. Qui sont des essais de cete methode. A Leyde: De li̓mprimerie de I. Maire.

Descartes, René. 1644. Renati Des-Cartes Principia philosophiae. Amstelodami: apud Ludovicum Elzevirium.

Descartes, René. 1644/1901. Selections from the Principles of Philosophy (Project Gutenberg). Translated by Veitch, John. Munich: C. H. Beck.

Descartes, René. 1649/2010. Passions of the Soul. Translated by Bennett, Jonathan. Early Modern Texts.

Descartes, René. 1662. Renatus Des Cartes de homine. Lvgdvni Batavorvm: Ex officinâ Hackiana.

Descartes, René. 1958. Descartes Philosophical Writings. Translated by Smith, Norman Kemp, New York, NY: Modern Library (43).

Descartes, René. 1991. “Discourse on the Method.” In The Philosophical Writings of Descartes: Volume 3, The Correspondence, edited by Cottingham, J., R. Stoothoff and D. Murdoch. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.

Dickens, Charles. 1854. Hard Times. For These Times. London, England: Bradbury & Evans.

Dickens, Charles. 1859. A Tale of Two Cities. London, England: Chapman and Hall.

Dissanayake, Ellen. 1988. What is Art For? Seattle, WA: University of Washington Press.

Dissanayake, Ellen. 1995. Homo Aestheticus: Where Art Comes From and Why. New York and Toronto: Free Press

Dissanayake, Ellen. 2007. “What Art is and What Art Does: An Overview of Contemporary Evolutionary Hypotheses.” In Evolutionary and Neurocognitive Approaches to Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts, edited by Martindale, Colin, Paul Locher and V. M. Petrov, 1-14. Amityville, NY: Baywood Publishing Company.

Docter, Pete, and Ronaldo Del Carmen. 2015. Inside Out. Emeryville, CA: Pixar.

Dodds, E. R. 1951. The Greeks and the Irrational, Sather Classical Lectures. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Doran, Michael (ed.). 2001. Conversations with Cézanne, Documents of Twentieth-Century Art. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Dreifus, Claudia. 1998. “A Conversation: With Dr. Leon Lederman; Science Is Serious Business to the ‘Mel Brooks of Physics.’” The New York Times, July 14, 1998.

Driscoll, Rosalyn 2011. “Aesthetic Touch.” In Art and the Senses, edited by Bacci, Francesca and David Melcher, 107–113. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press.

Dutton, Denis. 2003. “Aesthetics and Evolutionary Psychology.” In The Oxford Handbook of Aesthetics, edited by Levinson, Jerrold, 603–705. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press.

Dutton, Denis. 2009. The Art Instinct: Beauty, Pleasure, and Human Evolution. New York, NY: Bloomsbury Press.

Ebert, Roger. 2003. “The Good, the Bad and the Ugly Movie Review (1968) | Roger Ebert.” Online at (consulted 5 February 2015).

Ede, Siân 2011. “Foreword.” In Art and the Senses, edited by Bacci, Francesca and David Melcher, v–xxii. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press.

Edelman, Gerald M. 1992. Bright Air, Brilliant Fire: On the Matter of the Mind. New York, NY: Basic Books.

Edinburgh Medical Journal. 1874. “Review: Modern Surgery, its Progress and Tendencies by John Eric Erichsen.” 19 (1):543-544.

Eisenstein, Sergei. 1947. Film Sense. New York, NY: Harcourt.

Ekman, Paul. 1973. Darwin and Facial Expression: A Century of Research in Review. New York, NY: Academic Press.

Ekman, Paul. 1999. “Facial expressions.” In Handbook of Cognition and Emotion, edited by Dalgleish, Tim and Michael J. Power, 301-320. Chichester, England; New York, NY: Wiley.

Ellis, George, and Joseph Silk. 2014. “Scientific Method: Defend the Integrity of Physics.” Nature 516 (7531):321-3. doi: 10.1038/516321a.

Engelstein, Stefani. 2000. “The Regenerative Geography of the Text in William Blake.” Modern Language Studies 30 (2):61-86. doi: 10.2307/3195380.

Enwezor, Okwui 2015. All the World’s Futures. la Biennale di Venezia. Online at (consulted 15 May 2015).

Feist, Gregory J. 2001. “Natural and Sexual Selection in the Evolution of Creativity.” Bulletin of Psychology and the Arts. 2:11-16.

Felleman, Daniel J, and David C. Van Essen. 1991. “Distributed Hierarchical Processing in the Primate Cerebral Cortex.” Cerebral Cortex 1 (1):1-47.

Ferrante, Ellen. 2011. The AlloSphere Offers an Interactive Experience of Nano-sized Worlds. National Science Foundation 6 September 2011. Online at (consulted 5 February 2015).

Fimrite, Peter. 2014. “Surprise Bonanza Since Napa Quake: Dray Creeks Now Flowing.” San Francisco Chronicle: 6 September 2014.

Finger, Stanley. 1994. Origins of Neuroscience: A History of Explorations Into Brain Function. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press.

Finger, Stanley. 2000. Minds Behind the Brain: A History of The Pioneers and their Discoveries. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press.

Finger, Stanley. 2010. “The Birth of Localization.” In Handbook of Clinical Neurology, edited by Finger, Stanley, François Boller and Kenneth L. Tyler, 117–128. London, England: Elsevier.

Finger, Stanley. 2011. Doctor Franklin’s Medicine. Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press.

Finger, Stanley, and William T. Clower. 2002. “On The Birth of Trepanation: The Thoughts of Paul Broca and Victor Horsley.” In Trepanation: Discovery, History, Theory, edited by Arnott, Robert, Stanley Finger and C. U. M. Smith, 3-18. Lisse; Exton, PA Swets and Zeitlinger.

Finger, Stanley, and Marco Piccolino. 2011. The Shocking History of Electric Fishes: From Ancient Epochs to the Birth of Modern Neurophysiology. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press.

Finger, Stanley, Kenneth Tyler, and François Boller (eds). 2010. History of Neurology: Handbook of Clinical Neurology. Oxford, England: Elsevier.

Finger, Stanley, et al. (eds). 2013a. The Fine Arts, Neurology, and Neuroscience: Volume 204: New Discoveries and Changing Landscapes (Progress in Brain Research). Oxford: Elsevier.

Finger, Stanley, et al. (eds). 2013b. The Fine Arts, Neurology, and Neuroscience: Volume 203: Neuro-Historical Dimensions (Progress in Brain Research). Oxford, England: Elsevier Science.

Finger, Stanley, and Franklin M. Zaromb. 2006. “Benjamin Franklin and Shock-induced Amnesia.” Am Psychol 61 (3):240-8. doi: 10.1037/0003-066x.61.3.240.

Flaig, Paul. 2011. The Creature in the (Cinematic) Machine. New York Public Library Symposium. Online at (consulted 21 January 2015).

Flis, Nathan. 2012. “Drawing, Etching, and Experiment in Christopher Wren’s Figure of the Brain.” Interdisciplinary Science Reviews 37:145–160.

Foot, Jesse. 1794. The Life of John Hunter. London, England: T. Becket.

Foster, Finley. 1944. “William Hogarth and the Doctors.” Bulletin of the Medical Library Association. 32 (3):356-368.

Foucault, Michel. 2002. The Order of Things: An Archaeology of the Human Sciences. London and New York: Routledge.

Frankenstein Bicentennial Project. Website: Frankenstein Bicentennial Project 1818-2018. Science and the Imagination, Arizona State University. Online at (consulted 15 July 2015).

Franklin, Benjamin. 1751. Experiments and Observations on Electricity Made at Philadelphia in America (Communicated in several Letters to Mr. P. Collinson of London, FRS). London, England: E. Cave at St. John’s Gate.

Franklin, Benjamin. 1931. “Essay on Daylight Saving: Letter to the Editor of the Journal of Paris, 1784.” In The Ingenious Dr. Franklin. Selected Scientific Letters, edited by Goodman, Nathan G, 17–22. Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press.

Freedberg, David, and V. Gallese. 2007. “Motion, emotion and empathy in esthetic experience.” Trends in Cognitive Science 11 (5):197-203. doi: 10.1016/j.tics.2007.02.003.

Fruchtman, Jack. 2005. Atlantic Cousins: Benjamin Franklin and His Visionary Friends: Thunder’s Mouth Press.

Galen. 165, 175 AD/1968. On the Usefulness of the Parts of the Body (De usu partium). Translated by Mays, Margaret Tallmadge Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.

Galison, Peter. 1997. Image and logic: A Material Culture of Microphysics. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

Gallese, Vittorio. 2011. “Mirror Neurons and Art.” In Art and the Senses, edited by Bacci, Francesca and David Melcher, 455–463. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press.

Galton, Francis. 1969. Hereditary Genius. London, England: Macmillan.

Galvani, Luigi. 1776/1988. “De Manzoliniana Supellegtili Oratio.” In La Presenza Femminile dal XVIII al XX Secolo, edited by Studiorum, Alma Mater, 94–103. Bologna, Italy: CLUEB.

Galvani, Luigi. 1791/1953. Commentary of the Effect of Electricity on Muscular Motion (De viribus electricitatis in motu musculari commentarius). Edited by Aldini, Giovanni. Cambridge, MA: E. Licht.

Gamelin, Jacques. 1779. Orate ne intretis in tentationem. Toulouse: J. F. Desclassan.

Garey, Laurence, Mei Guan, and William Schupbach. 2001. “The Art of Seeing and the Seeing of Art: Program and Abstracts.” In The Art of Seeing and the Seeing of Art Abstracts. Canberra, Australia: Australian National University.

Garrison, Fielding H, and Lawrence C. McHenry. 1969. Garrison’s History of Neurology. Springfield, Il: Thomas.

Gellner, Ernest. 1993. The Psychoanalytic Movement: The Cunning of Unreason. London, England: Fontana Press.

Ghiselin, Michael T. 1973. “Darwin and Evolutionary Psychology: Darwin Initiated a Radically New Way of Studying Behavior.” Science 179 (4077):964-968. doi: 10.1126/science.179.4077.964.

Gibson, James J. 1966. The Senses Considered as Perceptual Systems. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin.

Gigante, Denise. 2009. “Blake’s Living Form.” Nineteenth-Century Literature 63 (4):461-485. doi: 10.1525/ncl.2009.63.4.461.

Gilbert, William. 1660. De Magnete. Translated by Mottelay, P. Fleury. New York, NY: Dover Publications.

Gillispie, Charles Coulston. 1966. The Edge of Objectivity: An Essay in the History of Scientific Ideas. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Gilmore, Jonathan. 2006. “Brain Trust: Art and the New Biology of Mind.” ArtForum Summer:121–122.

Gilpin, George H. 2004. “William Blake and the World’s Body of Science.” Studies in Romanticism 43 (1):35-56. doi: 10.2307/25601658.

Ginn, Sheryl R. 2013. “Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein: Exploring Neuroscience, Nature, and Nurture in the Novel and the Films.” In The Fine Arts, Neurology, and Neuroscience: Volume 204: New Discoveries and Changing Landscapes (Progress in Brain Research), edited by Finger, Stanley, et al, 169–190. Oxford, England: Elsevier.

Ginn, Sheryl R., and Lorenzo Lorusso. 2008. “Brain, Mind, and Body: Interactions with Art in Renaissance Italy.” Journal of the History of the Neurosciences 17 (3):295-313. doi: 10.1080/09647040701575900.

Glueck, Grace. 1987. “Clashing Views Reshape Art History.” The New York Times, December 20, 1987: 22, 23.

Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von. 1970. Theory of Colors edited by Charles Lock Eastlake Cambridge, MA: M.I.T. Press.

Goldstein, Jan Ellen. 2002. Console and Classify: The French Psychiatric Profession in the Nineteenth Century. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

Goldstein, Rebecca. 2014. Plato at the Googleplex: Why Philosophy Won’t Go Away. New York, NY: Pantheon.

Gombrich, E.H. 1973. “The Mask and the Face: The Perception of Physiognomic Likeness in Life and Art.” In Art, Perception, and Reality, edited by Gombrich, E.H, J. Hochberg and M. Black, 1–46. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Gombrich, E.H. 1979. The Sense of Order: A Study in the Psychology of Decorative Art. Londong, England: Phaidon.

Gombrich, E.H. 2000. Art and Illusion: A Study in the Psychology of Pictorial Representation. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Gomperz, Heinrich. 1953. Philosophical Studies. Boston, MA: Christopher Pub. House.

Gorman, James. 2014. “The Map Makers: Learning How Little We Know About the Brain.” New York Times, November 11, 2014.

Gottlieb, Anthony. 2009. “The Descent of Taste: Review of the Art Instinct.” February 1, 2009. New York, NY: New York Times.

Gould, Stephen Jay. 1987. Time’s Arrow, Time’s Cycle: Myth and Metaphor in the Discovery of Geological Time, The Jerusalem-Harvard lectures. Cambridge, MA.: Harvard University Press.

Grandjean, Philippe. 2013. Only One Chance: How Environmental Pollution Impairs Brain Development — and How to Protect the Brains of the Next Generation, Environmental Ethics and Science Policy Series. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Grandjean, Philippe, and Philip J. Landrigan. 2014. “Neurobehavioural Effects of Developmental Toxicity.” The Lancet Neurology 13 (3):330-338. doi: 10.1016/S1474-4422(13)70278-3.

Green, Judith Kent. 1986. “A Note on Walt Whitman’s Probable Reading of Robert Chambers.” Walt Whitman Quarterly Review. 3 (3):23–28.

Greenberg, Clement. 2003. “Modernist Painting.” In Art in Theory, 1900-2000: An Anthology of Changing Ideas, edited by Harrison, Charles and Paul Wood, 773–778. Malden, MA: Blackwell Pub.

Gregory, Sharon. 2012. Vasari and the Renaissance Print. Burlington, VT: Ashgate.

Grinstein, Louise S, Carol A. Biermann, and Rose K. Rose. 1997. Women in the Biological Sciences: A Bibliographic Sourcebook. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.

Gross, Charles C. 2002. “Trepanation from the Paleolithic to the Internet.” In Trepanation: Discovery, History, Theory, edited by Arnott, Robert, Stanley Finger and C. U. M. 307–322. Smith, Lisse; Exton, PA: Swets and Zeitlinger.

Gross, Charles G. 2009. A Hole in the Head: More Tales in the History of Neuroscience. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Gruber, Howard E. 1981. Darwin on Man: A Psychological Study of Scientific Creativity. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

Gruber, Howard E, and S. N Davis. 1988. “Inching Our Way Up Mount Olympus: The Evolving-Systems Approach to Creative Thinking.” In The Nature of Creativity: Contemporary Psychological Perspectives, edited by Sternberg, Robert J, 243-270. Cambridge; New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.

Hagner, Michael. 2009. “The Mind at Work: The Visual Representation of Cerebral Processes.” In The Body Within: Art, Medicine and Visualization, edited by van de Vall, Renee and Robert Zwijnenberg, 67–90. Amsterdam: Brill.

Hahn, Robert. 1988. Kant’s Newtonian Revolution in Philosophy. Carbondale and Edwardsville, IL: Southern Illinois University Press.

Haller, Albrecht von. 1757. Elementa Physiologiae Corporis Humani. 8 vols. Lausannae: Sumptibus Marci-Michael. Bousquet et Sociorum.

Hartley, Lucy. 2005. Physiognomy and the Meaning of Expression in Nineteenth-Century Culture, Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.

Haslam, Fiona. 1996. From Hogarth to Rowlandson: Medicine in Art in Eighteenth-Century Britain. Liverpool, England: Liverpool University Press.

Hausen, Christian August. 1746. Novi Profectus in Historia Electricitatis. Lipsiae: Theodorum Schwan.

Havelock, Eric. 1982. Preface to Plato. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.

Hebb, D. O. 1949. The Organization of Behavior: A Neuropsychological Theory. New York, NY: Wiley.

Heilbron, John L. 1979. Electricity in the 17th and 18th Centuries: A Study of Early Modern Physics. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Heinrich, Richard 2007. “Daintiness and Rationality. Kant as the Philosopher of Rococo.” In Lorenzo Da Ponte, edited by Hüttler, Michael, 29. Wien, Austria: Böhlau.

Henshilwood, Christopher S, et al. 2011. “A 100,000-Year-Old Ochre-Processing Workshop at Blombos Cave, South Africa.” Science Magazine 334:219–222. doi: 10.1126/science.1211535.

Herodotus. c.450–420 BC/2003. The Histories. Translated by Selincourt, John M. Marincola and De Aubrey. New York, NY: Penguin Classics.

Hesiod. 2006. Hesiod: Theogony: Works and Day: Testimonia. Translated by Most, Glenn W. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Hesiod. 2007. Theogony and Works and Days. Washington, DC: Filiquarian Publishing, LLC.

Hickok, Gregory. 2014. The Myth of Mirror Neurons: The Real Neuroscience of Communication and Cognition. New York, NY: W. W. Norton.

Hippocrates. 400 BC/1891. On Injuries of the Head. Translated by Adams, Francis. Online at Internet Classics Archive. (consulted 27 September 2014).

Hippocrates. ~400 BC. On the Sacred Disease (The Internet Classics Archive).. Translated by Adams, Francis. Online at (consulted 27 September 2014).

Hodgson, J. E, and Fred A. Eaton. 1905. The Royal Academy and its Members 1768–1830. New York, NY: Charles Scribner’s Sons.

Hofman, Michael A., et al. (eds). 2002. Plasticity in the Adult Brain: From Genes To Neurotherapy, Progress in Brain Research. Amsterdam and Boston: Elsevier.

Hogarth, William. 1772. The Analysis of Beauty: Written with a View of Fixing the Fluctuating Ideas of Taste. London, England: W. Strahan.

Hogarth, William. 1833. Anecdotes of William Hogarth [1697–1764]: Written by Himself. London, England: J.B. Nichols and Son.

Hogarth, William. 1877. “Enthusiasm Delineated (no. 1): Entry 2425.In Catalogue of Prints and Drawings in the British Museum: Part I. March 28, 1734 to c. 1750. Part II. 1751 to c. 1760, edited by Stephens, Frederic George and Mary Dorothy George. London, England: British Museum Trustees.

Holloway, Marguerite. 2003. “The Mutable Brain.” Scientific American, Sep 2003: 79.

Holmes, Richard. 2011. “Humphry Davy and the Chemical Moment.” Clinical Chemistry 57 (11):1625-1631. doi: 10.1373/clinchem.2011.173971.

Homer. 1961a. The Iliad (Loeb Classical Library). Translated by T, Murray. A. and William F. Wyatt Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Homer. 1961b. The Iliad; Translated with an Introduction by Richmond Lattimore. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

Homer. 2010. The Iliad. Translated by Johnston, Ian. Vancouver, Canada: Richer Resources Publications.

Hopkinson, Martin. 1984. “William Hunter, William Hogarth and ‘The Anatomy of the Human Gravid Uterus’” The Burlington Magazine 126 (972):156-159. doi: 10.2307/881578.

Hopkinson, Martin. 1984. “William Hunter, William Hogarth and ‘The Anatomy of the Human Gravid Uterus’” The Burlington Magazine 126 (972):156-159. doi: 10.2307/881578.

Hunter, John. 1773. “Anatomical Observations on the Torpedo.” Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London January 1, 1773 (63):481–489.

Hunter, John, and Thomas Bell. 1778/1839. Treatise on the Natural History and Diseases of the Human Teeth: Explaining Their Structure, Use, Formation, Growth, and Diseases. Philadelphia, PA: Haswell, Barrington, and Haswell.

Hunter, John, and James F. Palmer (eds). 1835. The Works of John Hunter F.R.S. (Vol. I). London, England: Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown, Green and Longman.

Hunter, John, and James F. Palmer (eds). 1837. The Works of John Hunter F.R.S. (Vol. II). Edited by Palmer, James F. London, England: Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown, Green and Longman.

Hunter, William. 1774. Anatomia uteri humani gravidi tabulis illustrata, auctore Gulielmo Hunter (The anatomy of the human gravid uterus exhibited in figures). Birmingham, England: Printed by J. Baskerville.

Hunter, William. 1784. Two Introductory Lectures: Delivered by Dr. William Hunter, to His Last Course of Anatomical Lectures, at His Theatre in Windmill-Street: as They Were Left Corrected for the Press by Himself. London, England: Order of the Trustees.

Hunterian Museum and Art Gallery. 2014. “The Resurrection or an Internal View of the Museum in W-D M-LL street on the last day” 1782. The Hunterian Museum and Art Gallery. Online at (consulted 23 December 2014).

Hutton, James. 1795. Theory of the Earth: with proofs and illustrations. 2 vols. Edinburgh: Printed for Messrs. Cadell, Junior, and Davies, London, and William Creech, Edinburgh.

Imperial College of Science, Technology, and Medicine. 2000. “Reconstructing Rembrandt: The Grim Reaper Exposed.” IC Reporter, 3 July 2000.

Ione, Amy. 2000. “An Inquiry into Paul Cézanne: The Role of the Artist in Studies of Perception and Consciousness.” Journal of Consciousness Studies 7 (8):57-74.

Ione, Amy. 2002. Nature Exposed to our Method of Questioning. Berkeley, CA: The Diatrope Press.

Ione, Amy. 2004. “Space, Light, Nature: James Turrell and Robert Irwin.” First Conference of the Kyoto Institute of Technology Aesthetic Innovation Project (19-22 October, 2004), Kyoto.

Ione, Amy. 2005. Innovation and Visualization: Trajectories, Strategies, and Myths (Consciousness, Literature and the Arts 1). Amsterdam: Rodopi.

Ione, Amy. 2010a. “Visual Images and Neurological Illustration.” In Handbook of Clinical Neurology, edited by Finger, Stanley, François Boller and Kenneth L. Tyler, 271-87. London, England: Elsevier.

Ione, Amy. 2010b. “Becoming Information: Paul Cézanne and Prägnanz.” In Perception Beyond Inference: The Information Content of Visual Processes, edited by Albertazzi, Liliana, Gert J. Van Tonder and Dhanraj Vishwanath, 393–410. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Ione, Amy. 2011. “Multiple Discovery.” In Encyclopedia of Creativity, edited by Runco, Mark A. and Steven R. Pritzker, 261-272. San Diego, CA: Academic Press.

Ione, Amy. 2013. “Light Is the Envelope: The Innovations of Paul Cézanne.” In Light Image Imagination, edited by Blassnigg, Martha, 94-109. Amsterdam: University of Amsterdam.

Ione, Amy, and Christopher W. Tyler. 2002. Euclid Enhanced. The Diatrope Institute, Berkeley, CA: Online at (consulted 12 December 2014).

Ione, Amy, and Christopher W. Tyler. 2004. “Neuroscience, history and the arts. Synesthesia: is F-sharp colored violet?” Journal of the History of the Neurosciences 13 (1):58-65. doi: 10.1080/09647040490885493.

Jacobs, Nathan A. 2013. “Reconsidering the Platonism of Sir Joshua Reynolds (1723–1792) an its Role in his Thought on the Education of Artists.” In Church and School in Early Modern Protestantism: Studies in Honor of Richard A. Muller on the Maturation of a Theological Tradition, edited by Ballor, Jordan J. Sytsma David S. and Jason Zuidema, 737–747. Leiden and Boston: Brill.

James, William. 1878. “Remarks on Spencer’s Definition of Mind as Correspondence.” The Journal of Speculative Philosophy 4 (1–18).

James, William. 1890. The Principles of Psychology. 2 vols. New York, NY: H. Holt and company.

James, William. 1896. Is Life Worth Living? (1895 Lecture before the Young Men’s Christian Association of Harvard University). Philadelphia, PA: S. Burns Weston.

Janson, Jonathan. 2012. Constantijn Huygens: Lord of Zuilichem (1596-1687), (Part Two). The Essential Vermeer. Online at (consulted 5 February 2015).

Jarrett, Christian. 2014. Great Myths of the Brain. New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons.

Jaynes, Julian. 1976. The Origin of Consciousness in the Breakdown of the Bicameral Mind. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin.

Jewanski, Jörg 2014. “Synesthesia in the Nineteenth Century: Scientific origins.” In Oxford Handbook of Synesthesia, edited by Simner, Julia and Edward M. Hubbard, 369–398. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Jewanski, J, S. A. Day, and J. Ward. 2009. “A Colorful Albino: The First Documented Case of Synaesthesia, by Georg Tobias Ludwig Sachs in 1812.” J Hist Neurosci 18 (3):293-303. doi: 10.1080/09647040802431946.

Jewanski, J, et al. 2011. “The Development of a Scientific Understanding of Synesthesia from Early Case Studies (1849-1873).” Journal of the History of the Neurosciences 20 (4):284-305. doi: 10.1080/0964704x.2010.528240.

Johnson, D. A, et al. 1998. “Virtual reality: a new prosthesis for brain injury rehabilitation.” Scottish Medical Journal 43 (3):81-3.

Jones, Jonathan. 2011. Leonardo da Vinci’s Earth-Shattering Insights About Geology (23 November 2011). The Guardian US. Online at (consulted 29 November 2014).

Jones, Peter. 2008. Industrial Enlightenment: Science, Technology and Culture In Birmingham and the West Midlands, 1760-1820. Manchester and New York: Manchester University Press and Palgrave Macmillan.

Jones, Peter Murray. 1990. “Medical Books Before the Invention of Printing.” In Thornton’s medical books, libraries, and collectors / a study of bibliography and the book trade in relation to the medical sciences, edited by Besson, Alain, 1-29. Aldershot, Hants, England; Brookfield, VT, USA: Gower Pub. Co.

Judd, Deane B. 1970. “Introduction to Goethe’s Theory of Colors.” In Theory of Colors, edited by Charles Lock Eastlake, v–xvi. Cambridge, MA: M.I.T. Press.

Kant, Immanuel. 1784. “What Is Enlightenment? (Beantwortung der Frage: Was ist Aufklärung?).” In Berlin Monthly, edited by Gedike, Fredrich and Johann Erich Biester.

Kant, Immanuel. 1784/1996. “Kant’s Practical Philosophy.” In An Answer to the Question: “What is Enlightenment?” 17–21. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.

Kant, Immanuel. 1787. Critik der reinen Vernunft. 2. hin und wieder verb. Aufl. ed. Riga: J. F. Hartknoch.

Kant, Immanuel. 1883. Kant’s Prolegomena: and Metaphysical foundations of natural science. Translated by Bax, Ernest Belfort. London, England: G. Bell and Sons.

Kant, Immanuel. 1942. Gesammelte Schriften (Vol. XX, Dritte Abteilung). Vol. XX. Berlin: G. Reimer.

Kant, Immanuel. 1985. Critique of Practical Reason. Edited by Beck, Lewis White. New York, NY: Macmillan.

Kant, Immanuel. 1996. Immanuel Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason. Translated by Pluhar, Werner S. and Eric Watkins. Indianapolis, IN: Hackett Publishing.

Kant, Immanuel. 1787/1999. Immanuel Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason. Translated by Pluhar, Werner S. and Eric Watkins. Indianapolis, IN: Hackett Publishing.

Kant, Immanuel, and Werner S. Pluhar. 1790/1987. Critique of Judgment. Indianapolis, IN: Hackett Publishing.

Kaplan, Abraham. 1998. The Conduct of Inquiry: Methodology for Behavioral Science. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers.

Kelly, Kathleen Ann. 1995. The Science of Character: Victorian Physiognomy and its use by W. P. Frith and Charles Dickens in the Illustration of Personalities, Art History, Museum Studies, University of Southern California, Los Angeles.

Kemp, Martin. 1970. “A Drawing for the Fabrica; and Some Thoughts upon the Vesalius Muscle-Men.” Medical History 14 (3):277-288.

Kemp, Martin. 1975. Dr. William Hunter at the Royal Academy of Arts. Glasgow: University of Glasgow Press.

Kemp, Martin. 1992. “True to Their Natures: Sir Joshua Reynolds and Dr. William Hunter at the Royal Academy of Arts.” Notes and Records of the Royal Society of London 46 (1):77-88. doi: 10.2307/531441.

Kemp, Martin, and Nathan Flis. 2008. “Mapping the Cerebral Globe.” Nature 456 (7219):174-174.

Kemp, Martin, and Marvina Wallace. 2000. Spectacular Bodies: The Art and Science of the Human Body from Leonardo to Now. London, England: Hayward Gallery.

Kepler, Johannes. 1604. Ad Vitellionem paralipomena, quibus astronomiae pars optica traditur. Francofurti: Apud Claudium Marnium & Haeredes Ioannis Aubrii.

Kevles, Bettyann. 1997. Naked to the Bone: Medical Imaging in the Twentieth Century: New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.

Kirby, Joshua. 1754. Dr. Brook Taylor’s Method of Perspective. 2 vols. Ipswich: W. Craighton.

Klingender, Francis Donald. 1947. Art and the Industrial Revolution. London, England: N. Carrington.

Kohn, David. 2009. “Darwin’s Keystone: The Principle of Divergence.” In The Cambridge Companion to the “Origin of Species,” edited by Ruse, Michael and Richard J. Richards, 87-108. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.

Kramer, Hilton. 1985. “T.J. Clark and the Marxist Critique of Modern Painting.” The New Criterion 3 (March 1985):1–8.

Kreiter, Carmen S. 1965. “Evolution and William Blake.” Studies in Romanticism 4 (2):110-118. doi: 10.2307/25599637.

Krysmanski, Bernd. 1998. “We See a Ghost: Hogarth’s Satire on Methodists and Connoisseurs.” The Art Bulletin 80 (2):292-310. doi: 10.2307/3051234.

Kuhn, Helmut. 1941. “The True Tragedy: On the Relationship between Greek Tragedy and Plato, I.” Harvard Studies in Classical Philology 52:1-40. doi: 10.2307/310955.

Kuhn, Thomas S. 1962. The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

Kundu, A. K. 2004. “Charcot in Medical Eponyms.” The Journal of the Association of Physicians of India 52:716-8.

Lanier, Jaron. 2010. You are Not a Gadget: A Manifesto. New York, NY: Alfred A. Knopf.

Lavater, Johann Caspar. 1789. Essays on Physiognomy, Also One Hundred Physiognomical Rules, and a Memoir of the Author. 3 vols. London, England: J. Murray.

Lawrence, Susan C. 1993. “Educating the Senses: Students, Teachers and Medical Rhetoric in Eighteenth-Century London.” In Medicine and the Five Senses, edited by Bynum, W. F. and Roy Porter, 154–178. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press.

Lawrence, Susan C. 1996. Charitable Knowledge: Hospital Pupils and Practitioners in Eighteenth-Century London, Cambridge History of Medicine. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press.

LeDoux, Joseph E. 2002. Synaptic Self: How Our Brains Become Who We Are. New York, NY: Viking.

Legallois, Julien Jean César. 1812. Expériences sur le principe de la vie, notamment sur celui des mouvemens du coeur, et sur le siège de ce principe; suivies du rapport fait à la première classe d l’Institut sur celles relatives aux mouvemens du coeur. Paris: D’Hautel, libraire.

Lenoir, Timothy. 1989. The Strategy of Life: Teleology and Mechanics in Nineteenth-Century German Biology. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

Lenoir, Timothy. 2006. “Operationalizing Kant: Manifolds, Models, and Mathematics in Hemholtz’s Theories of Perception.” In The Kantian Legacy in Nineteenth-century Science, edited by Friedman, Michael and Alfred Nordmann, 141–210. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Leonardo da Vinci. 2008. Notebooks (Leonardo da Vinci). Oxford World’s Classics. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press.

Leone, Sergio. 1966. The Good, the Bad and the Ugly. United Artists.

Leroy, Louis. 1874. “The Exhibition of the Impressionists.” Paris: Le Charivari. (25 April 1874).

Levine, George. 1986. “Dickens and Darwin, Science, and Narrative Form.” Texas Studies in Literature and Language 28 (3):250-280. doi: 10.2307/40754801.

Lewis, Tanya. 2015. LiveScience: Genetically Modified Humans? How Genome Editing Works. Purch. Online at [consulted 25 April 2015].

Lewis-Williams, J. David. 2002. The Mind in the Cave: Consciousness and the Origins Of Art. London, England: Thames & Hudson.

Leypoldt, Günter. 1999. “A Neoclassical Dilemma in Sir Joshua Reynolds’s Reflections on Art.” British Journal of Aesthetics 39 (4):330-349.

Liang, P, et al. 2015. “CRISPR/Cas9-mediated Gene Editing in Human Tripronuclear Zygotes.” Protein Cell. doi: 10.1007/s13238-015-0153-5.

Lichtenberg, Georg Christoph. 1796/2012. Georg Christoph Lichtenberg: Philosophical Writings (Waste Books). Edited by Tester, Steven. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.

Linden, David E. J. 2002. “Five Hundred Years of Brain Images.” Archeological Neurology 59:308–313.

Liu, X, et al. 2012. “Optogenetic Stimulation of a Hippocampal Engram Activates Fear Memory Recall.” Nature 484 (7394):381-5. doi: 10.1038/nature11028.

Livingstone, Margaret S, and Bevil R. Conway. 2004. “Was Rembrandt Stereoblind?” New England Journal of Medicine 351:1264-1265.

Locke, John. 1690. An Essay Concerning Human Understanding. London, England: Thomas Bassett.

Lyell, Charles. 1830. Principles Of Geology: Being an Attempt to Explain the Former Changes of the Earth’s Surface, by Reference to Causes Now in Operation. 3 vols. London, England: J. Murray.

MacLean, Paul D. 1990. The Triune Brain in Evolution: Role in Paleocerebral Functions. New York, NY: Plenum Press.

Malmivuo, J. A, J. Honkonen, and K. E. Wendel. 2014. “Did Jan Swammerdam Do the First Electric Stimulation over 100 Years before Luigi Galvani?” In XIII Mediterranean Conference on Medical and Biological Engineering and Computing 2013, edited by Roa Romero, Laura M, 13-16. Springer International Publishing.

Mann, Lori. The Formation of San Francisco Bay. KQED Education 2007. Online at (consulted 15 April 2014).

Mansur ibn Ilyas. 14th century. Mansur’s Anatomy (The Anatomy of the Human Body). Online at (consulted 12 December 2014).

Manzotti, Riccardo. 2012. Situated Aesthetics: Art Beyond the Skin. Exeter, England: Imprint Academic.

Manzotti, Riccardo, and Robert Pepperell. 2013. “The New Mind: Thinking Beyond the Head.” AI and Society 28 (2):157-166.

Marat, Jean-Paul. 1780. Recherches Physiques Sur Le Feu. Paris: Jombert.

Marat, Jean-Paul. 1780. Découvertes de M. Marat … sur la lumière, etc. Paris: Jombert.

Martel, Édouard-Alfred. 1900. La Spéléologie ou Science des Caverns, Scientia Série biologique n 8. Paris: G. Carré & C. Naud.

Martensen, Robert L. 2004. The Brain Takes Shape: An Early History. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press.

Maxwell, James C. 1861. On Physical Line of Force. Vol. XXI, Fourth Series, The London, Edinburgh, and Dublin Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science. London, England: Taylor and Francis.

McGuigan, Paul. 2015. Victor Frankenstein. Davis Entertainment, TSG Entertainment: Twentieth Century Fox Film Corporation

McNerney, Samuel. 2011. A Brief Guide to Embodied Cognition: Why You Are Not Your Brain. Scientific American 52 (November 4, 2011).

McPhee, John. 1981. Basin and Range. New York, NY: Farrar, Straus, Giroux.

Meige, Henry. 1898. “Charcot artiste.” Nouvelle Iconographie de la Salpêtrière 11 (489–516).

Melcher, David, and Patrick Cavanagh. 2011. “Pictorial Cues in Art and in Visual Perception.” In Art and the Senses, edited by Bacci, Francesca and David Melcher, 359–393. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press.

Merello, Marcelo 2015. Parkinson’s Disease and Parkinsonism. International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society 2015 Online at–Parkinsonism.htm. (consulted 6 June 2015).

Merzenich, Michael, Mor Nahum, and Tom Van Vleet. 2013. Changing Brains: Applying Brain Plasticity to Advance and Recover Human Ability. Progress in Brain Research. Oxford, England: Elsevier Science.

Merzenich, Michael M., Thomas M. Van Vleet, and Mor Nahum. 2014. “Brain plasticity-based therapeutics.” Frontiers in Human Neuroscience no. 8:385. doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2014.00385.

Messbarger, Rebecca. 2010. The Lady Anatomist: The Life and Work of Anna Morandi Manzolini. Chicago, IL: The University of Chicago Press.

Messbarger, Rebecca. 2013. “Anna Morandi’s Wax Self-Portrait with Brain.” In The Fine Arts, Neurology, and Neuroscience: Volume 203: Neuro-Historical Dimensions (Progress in Brain Research), edited by Finger, Stanley, et al, 75–92. Oxford: Elsevier Science.

Miller, Geoffrey F. 2000. The Mating Mind: How Sexual Choice Shaped the Evolution of Human Nature. New York, NY: Doubleday.

Mondino dei Liuzzi. 1316/1474. Anatomia. Padua: Petrus Maufer.

Montillo, Roseanne. 2013. The Lady and her Monsters: A Tale of Dissections, Real-Life Dr. Frankensteins, and the Creation of Mary Shelley’s Masterpiece. New York, NY: Willam Morrow.

Moore, Wendy. 2005. The Knife Man: Blood, Body Snatching, and the Birth of Modern Surgery: New York, NY: Broadway Books.

Moorey, Peter R. S. 1988. “Early Metallurgy in Mesopotamia.” In The Beginnings of the Use of Metals and Alloys, edited by Maddin, Robert, 28–33. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Morton, William J, and Edwin W. Hammer. 1896. The X-ray, or Photography of the Invisible and its Value in Surgery. New York, NY: American Technical Book Co.

Muhly, James D. 1988. “The Beginnings of Metallurgy in the Old World.” In The Beginnings of the Use of Metals and Alloys, edited by Maddin, Robert, 2–20. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Mumford, Lewis. 1961. The City in History: Its Origins, its Transformations, and its Prospects. New York, NY: Harcourt.

Murdoch, Iris. 1990. The Fire and the Sun: Why Plato Banished the Artists. New York, NY: Viking.

Muybridge, Eadweard. 1887. Animal Locomotion. An Electro-photographic Investigation of Consecutive Phases of Animal movements. 1872-1885. 16 vols. Philadelphia, PA: Published under the auspices of the University of Pennsylvania. The plates printed by the Photogravure company of New York.

National Anti-Vivisection Society. 2015. “Litigating Student Choice: The Graham Case.” National Anti-Vivisection Society Online at (consulted 15 May 2015).

Nersessian, Nancy J. 1984. Faraday to Einstein: Constructing Meaning in Scientific Theories, Science and philosophy. Dordrecht; Boston. Hingham, MA: M. Nijhoff; Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Nersessian, Nancy J. 1995. “Opening the Black Box: Cognitive Science and History of Science.” Osiris 10:194-211. doi: 10.2307/301919.

Nersessian, Nancy J. 2008. Creating Scientific Concepts. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Newton, Isaac. 1687. Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica. Londini: Jussu Societatis Regiæ ac Typis Josephi Streater. Prostat apud plures Bibliopolas.

Newton, Isaac. 1704. Opticks: or, A treatise of the Reflections, Refractions, Inflections and Colors of Light. 4th ed. London, England: Smith and Walford.

Newton, Isaac. 1730. Opticks: or, A treatise of the Reflections, Refractions, Inflections and Colors of Light. 4th ed. London, England: Printed for W. Innys.

Newton, Isaac. 1787/2015. Optique. Traduit de l’anglais par Jean-Paul Marat (1787); présenté par Michel Blay. Paris: Dunod.

Nicholl, Charles. 2005. Leonardo Da Vinci: The Flights of the Mind. London, England: Penguin Books Limited.

Nickard, Gary Laurence. 2006. Phenomenal Surfaces and Noumenal Depths: Philosophy and Quantum Theory. Buffalo, NY: State University of New York at Buffalo. 2015. Roger W. Sperry: Biographical. Nobel Prize Media. Online at (consulted 25 June 2015).

Noë, Alva. 2009. Out of our Heads: Why you are not your Brain, and Other Lessons from the Biology of Consciousness. York: Hill and Wang.

Noë, Alva. 2015. Strange Tools: Art and Human Nature. New York: Hill and Wang.

Nordstrom, Johan. 1954. “Swammerdamiana: Excerpts from the travel journal of Olaus Borrichius and two letters from Swammerdam to Thevenot.” Lychnos:21–65.

Novak, Marcos. 2005. Alloaesthetics and Neuroaesthetics: Travels through Phenomenology and Neurophysiology. Online at (consulted 6 November 2014 2014).

Nuland, Sherwin B. 1988. Doctors: The Biography of Medicine. New York, NY: Knopf.

Nuland, Sherwin B. 2000. Leonardo da Vinci. New York, NY: Viking.

Nunn, J. F. 1996. Ancient Egyptian Medicine. Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press.

O’Connor, James P. B. 2003. “Thomas Willis and the Background to Cerebri Anatome.” Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine 96 (3):139-143.

O’Connor, Thomas Power. 1907. T. P.’s Weekly: Walbrook & Company.

O’Malley, Charles Donald. 1964. Andreas Vesalius of Brussels, 1514-1564. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Ogilvie, Marilyn Bailey, and Joy Dorothy Harvey. 2000. The Biographical Dictionary of Women in Science: Pioneering Lives from Ancient Times to the Mid-20th Century. 2 vols. New York, NY: Routledge.

Ogilvie, Marily Bailey, and Joy Dorothy Harvey. 2000. “Pythias of Assos: The Biographical Dictionary of Women in Science: L-Z.” In, 1062. London, England: Routledge.

Onians, John. 2003. “Gombrich and Biology.” In E. H. Gombrich in Memoriam, edited by Lizzaraga, Pauls, 95-119. Pamplona: Universidad de Navarra.

Onians, John. 2007. Neuroarthistory: From Aristotle and Pliny to Baxandall and Zeki. New Haven and London: Yale University Press.

Oxford Dictionaries. 2015. Oxford Dictionaries: Hardwired. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Palladino, D. J. 2008. “Enter the Allosphere: Inside UCSB’s Three-Dimensional Immersive Theater, the 21st Century Face of Our Discipline-Bending University.” The Independent, 6 November 2008.

Parent, André. 2004. “Giovanni Aldini: From Animal Electricity to Human Brain Stimulation.” Canadian Journal of the Neurological Sciences 31 (4):576-84.

Paris, John Ayrton. 1824. A Guide to the Mount’s Bay and the Land’s End; Comprehending the Topography, Botany, Agriculture, Fisheries, Antiquities, Mining, Mineralogy and Geology of Western Cornwall. London, England: W. Phillips.

Parker, Andrew J. 2014. “Revealing Rembrandt.” Frontiers in Neuroscience 8. doi: 10.3389/fnins.2014.00076.

Perl, Jed (ed.). 2014. Art in America, 1945-1970: Writings from the Age of Abstract Expressionism, Pop Art and Minimalism, The Library of America. New York, NY: Penguin.

Pevsner, J. 2002. “Leonardo da Vinci’s Contributions to Neuroscience.” Trends in Neuroscience 25:217-20.

Pfeiffer, John E. 1982. The Creative Explosion: An Inquiry into the Origins of Art and Religion. New York, NY: Harper & Row.

Piccolino, Marco. 1998. “Animal electricity and the Birth of Electrophysiology: the Legacy of Luigi Galvani.” Brain Research Bulletin 46:381-407.

Piccolino, M, and Marco Bresadola. 2002. “Drawing a Spark From Darkness: John Walsh and Electric Fish.” Trends in Neuroscience 25 (1):51-7.

Piccolino, Marco, and Marco Bresadola. 2013. Shocking Frogs: Galvani, Volta, and the Electric Origins of Neuroscience.

Pichot, Amédée. 1860. The Life and Labours of Sir Charles Bell, K.G.H, F.R.S.S, L. & E. London, England: Richard Bentley.

Pinker, Steven. 2002. The Blank Slate: The Modern Denial of Human Nature. New York, NY: Viking.

Pissarro, Camille. 2002. Camille Pissarro: Letters to his Son, Lucien. Edited by Rewald, John: MFA Publications.

Pissarro, Joachim. 2005. Pioneering Modern Painting: Cezanne and Pissarro, 1865-1885. New York, NY: New York Museum of Modern Art.

Pissarro, Joachim, Jean-Patrice Marandel, and Sylvie Patin. 2005. Cézanne and Pissarro 1865-1885. Musée d’Orsay. Online at (consulted 2 August 2014).

Plato. 2005. The Collected Dialogues of Plato: Including the Letters (Bollingen Series LXXI). Edited by Hamilton, Edith and Huntington Cairns, Bollingen Series. Princeton, NJ: Pantheon Books.

Pliny the Elder. 77/1952. Pliny: Natural History, Volume IX, Books 33-35. Translated by Rackham, H. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press (Loeb Classical Library 394).

Porter, Roy. 2001. The Enlightenment. Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire; New York, NY: Palgrave.

Porter, Roy. 2001. The Cambridge Illustrated History of Medicine. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.

Postman, Neil. 1985. Amusing Ourselves to Death: Public Discourse in the Age of Show Business. New York, NY: Viking.

Priestley, Joseph. 1767. The History and Present State of Electricity. London, England: Dodsley.

Primack, Richard B. 2014. Walden Warming: Climate Change Comes to Thoreau’s Woods. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

Prodger, Phillip. 2009. Darwin’s Camera: Art and Photography in the Theory of Evolution. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press.

Prophet, Jane. 2003. Swab Drawings. Online at (consulted 27 July 2015).

RA Collection Team. 2014. Object of the month: October 2014: William Pink, ‘Smugglerius’, c. 1834. (October 2014).

Raab, Markus, Joseph G. Johnson, and Hauke R. Heekeren (eds). 2009. Mind and Motion: The Bidirectional Link Between Thought and Action. Amsterdam and Boston: Elsevier.

Ramirez, Steve, et al. 2013. “Creating a False Memory in the Hippocampus.” Science 341 (6144):387-391. doi: 10.1126/science.1239073.

Reed, Tanya. 2000. Reconstructing Rembrandt: the grim reaper exposed. Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Newsletter (July 3, 2000),

Reti, Ladislao. 1971. “Leonardo da Vinci and the Graphic Arts: The Early Invention of Relief-etching.” The Burlington Magazine 113:188–195.

Reynolds, Joshua. 1965. Discourses on Art. Indianapolis, IN: Bobbs-Merrill.

Reynolds, Joshua, and John Burnet. 1842. The Discourses of Sir Joshua Reynolds. London, England: J. Carpenter.

Reynolds, J, and E. Malone. 1867. The Works of Sir Joshua Reynolds: Containing His Discourses, Idlers, A Journey to Flanders and Holland, and His Commentary on Du Fresnoy’s Art of Painting; to which is Prefixed an Account of the Life and Writings of the Author by Edward Malone. Edinburgh: William Forrester.

Reynolds, John Russell. 1877. Diseases of the Heart. Philadelphia, PA: J.B. Lippincott.

Richards, Robert J. 1978. The Evolution of Behavior Theories of Instinct in the Nineteenth Century with an Essay on Animal Instinct and Intelligence Before Darwin. PhD, University of Chicago, 1978.

Richards, Robert J. 2000. “Kant and Blumenbach on the Bildungstrieb: A Historical Misunderstanding.” Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 31 (1):11-32.

Richards, Robert J. 2002. The Romantic Conception of Life: Science and Philosophy in the Age of Goethe, Science and its Conceptual Foundations. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

Richards, Robert J. 2006. “Nature is the Poetry of Mind, or How Schelling Solved Goethe’s Kantian Problems.” In The Kantian Legacy in Nineteenth-century Science, edited by Friedman, Michael and Alfred Nordmann, 27–50. MIT Press.

Richardson, Ruth. 2000. Death, Dissection and the Destitute. Chicago,IL: University of Chicago Press.

Robertson, Lynn C., and Noam Sagiv (eds). 2005. Synesthesia: Perspectives From Cognitive Neuroscience. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press.

Robinson, Marian S. 1983. “Zola and Monet: The Poetry of the Railway.” Journal of Modern Literature 10 (1):55-70. doi: 10.2307/3831197.

Robinson, Victor. 1912. “Pathfinders in Medicine: Hunter, The Natural Philosopher.” In Medical Review of Reviews, 627–640. Austin Flint Association, Incorporated.

Röntgen, Wilhelm C. 1896. “On A New Kind Of Rays (Über eine neue Art von Strahlen).” Science 3 (59):227-231. doi: 10.1126/science.3.59.227.

Rose, F. Clifford. 2002. “An Overview from Neolithic Times to Broca.” In Trepanation: Discovery, History, Theory, edited by Arnott, Robert, Stanley Finger and C. U. M. Smith, 347–363. Lisse; Exton, Pa: Swets and Zeitlinger.

Rose, F. Clifford 2004. “The Neurology of Art: An Overview.” In Neurology of the Arts: Painting, Music, Literature, edited by Rose, F. Clifford, 43–76. London, England: Imperial College Press.

Rowbottom, Margaret, and Charles Susskind. 1984. Electricity and Medicine: History of Their Interaction. San Francisco, CA: San Francisco Press.

Royal Society. 2014. The Royal Society: History. Online at (consulted 19 November 2014).

Royal Society. 2006. Benjamin Franklin in London. Online at (consulted 7 February 2015).

Rudwick, Martin J. S. 2005. Bursting the Limits of Time: The Reconstruction of Geohistory in the Age of Revolution. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

Runco, Mark A, and Robert S. Albert. 2010. “Creativity Research: A Historical View.” In The Cambridge Handbook of Creativity, edited by Kaufman, James C. and Robert J. Sternberg, 3-19. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.

Runco, Mark A, and Steven R. Pritzker (eds). 2011. Encyclopedia of Creativity, Two-Volume Set, Second Edition. Waltham, MA: Academic Press.

Ruskin, John. 1878. Notes by Mr. Ruskin on His Collection of Drawings by the Late J.M.W. London, England: Fine Art Society.

Ruston, S. 1999. P.B. Shelley and the Science of Life: The Problem with Defining Life. Liverpool, England: University of Liverpool.

Sacks, Oliver. 1993. “Making Up the Mind” [A Review of Gerald M. Edelman’s Bright Air, Brilliant Fire: On the Matter of the Mind]. New York Review of Books, 42–49.

Sacks, Oliver. 2015. “My Own Life: Oliver Sacks on Learning He Has Terminal Cancer.” The New York Times, 19 February 2015, A25.

Safranski, R, and E. Osers. 1991. Schopenhauer and the Wild Years of Philosophy. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Sagan, Carl. 1977. Dragons of Eden: Speculations on the Evolution of Human Intelligence. New York, NY: Random House Publishing Group.

Sagiv, Noam. 2005. “Synesthesia in Perspective.” In Synesthesia: Perspectives From Cognitive Neuroscience, edited by Robertson, Lynn C. and Noam Sagiv, 3-10. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press.

Sawday, Jonathan. 1995. The Body Emblazoned: Dissection and the Human Body in Renaissance Culture. London and New York: Routledge.

Schiller, Francis. 1979. Paul Broca, Founder of French Anthropology, Explorer of the Brain. Berkeley and Los Angles, CA: University of California Press.

Schwartz, Gary, and Machiel Keestra. 2014. Emotions: Pain and Pleasure in Dutch Painting of the Golden Age. Haarlem: NAI Publishers and the Frans Hals Museum.

Scultetus, Joannis. 1665. Armamentarium Chirurgicum. Ausg: Kühnen.

Sepper, Dennis L. 1990. “Goethe, Color and the Science of Seeing.” In Romanticism and the Sciences, edited by Cunningham, Andrew and Nicholas Jardine, xxii, 345 p. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press.

Shahn, Ben. 1957. The Shape of Content, The Charles Eliot Norton Lectures, 1956-1957. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Shaw, Trevor R. 1979. History of Cave Science: The Scientific Investigation of Limestone Caves to 1900. 2 vols. Crymych, Dyfed, Wales: Anne Oldham.

Shelley, Mary Wollstonecraft. 1818/2009. Frankenstein or The Modern Prometheus: The 1818 Text. Edited by Butler, Marilyn. Oxford, England: Oxford World’s Classic.

Shelley, Mary Wollstonecraft. 1831. Frankenstein: Or, The Modern Prometheus. Revised, corrected, and illustrated with a new introduction. London, England: H. Colburn and R. Bentley.

Shiff, Richard. 1984. Cézanne and the End of Impressionism: A Study of the Theory, Technique, and Critical Evaluation of Modern Art. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

Shimamura, Arthur P. 2002. “Muybridge in Motion: Travels in Art, Psychology and Neurology.” History of Photography 26 (4):341-350. doi: 10.1080/03087298.2002.10443307.

Shore, Moe. 2015. The Curious History of Virtual Reality. AbelCine. Online at (consulted 30 June 2015).

Simmons, Samuel Foart, and John Hunter. 1983. “William Hunter, 1718–1783: A Memoir.” edited by Brock, C. Helen Glasgow: University of Glasgow Press.

Simner, Julia, and Edward M. Hubbard (eds). 2014. Oxford Handbook of Synesthesia. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.

Singer, Charles. 1952. Vesalius on the Human Brain. London, England: Oxford University Press.

Smail, Daniel Lord. 2008. On Deep History and the Brain. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Smith, C. U. M. 1991. “Kant and Darwin.” Journal of Social and Biological Structures 14 (1):35-50. doi:

Smith, C. U. M. 2008. “Visual Thinking and Neuroscience.” Journal of the History of the Neurosciences 17 (3):260-273. doi: 10.1080/09647040701436475.

Smith, C. U. M. 2010. “The Triune Brain in Antiquity: Plato, Aristotle, Erasistratus.” Journal of the History of the Neurosciences 19 (1):1-14. doi: 10.1080/09647040802601605.

Smith, C.U.M. 2012. The Animal Spirit Doctrine and the Origins of Neurophysiology. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.

Sömmerring, Samuel Thomas von. 1791. Abbildungen und Beschreibungen einiger Misgeburten die sich ehemals auf dem anatomischen Theater zu Cassel befanden. Mainz: University Buchhandlung.

Sömmerring, Samuel Thomas von. 1801. Icones oculi humani. Francofurti ad Moenum: Varrentrapp and Wenner.

Sophocles. 1963. Ajax. Translated by Stanford, William Bedell. New York: Macmillan.

Spencer, Herbert. 1876a. “The Comparative Psychology of Man.” The Journal of the Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland 5:301-316. doi: 10.2307/2840892.

Spencer, Herbert. 1876b. “The Comparative Psychology of Man.” Mind 1 (1):7-20. doi: 10.2307/2246854.

Sperry, Roger Wolcott. 1964. Problems Outstanding in the Evolution of Brain Function, James Arthur Lecture on the Evolution of the Human Brain. New York, NY: American Museum of Natural History.

Spillane, John David. 1981. The Doctrine of the Nerves: Chapters in the History of Neurology, Oxford Medical Publications. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press.

Stafford, Barbara Maria. 2007a. “Assessments: Another Kind of Global Thinking.” In Is Art History Global?, edited by Elkins, James, 184-188. New York and London: Routledge.

Stafford, Barbara Maria. 2007b. Objects: The Cognitive Work of Images. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

Stafford, Barbara Maria. 2011. A Field Guide to a New Meta-Field: Bridging the Humanities–Neurosciences Divide. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

Sternberg, Robert J. (ed.). 1988. The Nature of Creativity: Contemporary Psychological Perspectives. Cambridge; New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.

Stillings, D. 1975. “Did Jan Swammerdam beat Galvani by 134 years?” Med Instrum 9 (5):226.

Stone, James L, James T. Goodrich, and George R. Cybulski. 2007. “John Hunter’s Contributions to Neuroscience.” In Brain, Mind and Medicine: Essays in Eighteenth-Century Neuroscience, edited by Whitaker, Harry A, C.U.M. Smith and Stanley Finger, 67–84. New York, NY: Springer.

Strawberry Creek Fund. 2014. Strawberry Creek History. Berkeley, CA: Online at (consulted 30 September 2014).

Stubbe, Henry. 1670. Legends No Histories: Or, a Specimen of Some Animadversions Upon the History of the Royal Society. Sine nomine.

Swammerdam, Jan. 1758. The Book of Nature. Translated by Flloyd, Thomas. Edited by Boerhaave, Herman. 2 pt. in 1 vols. London: Printed for C. G. Seyffert.

Symonds, Charles. 1960/1670. “Thomas Willis, FRS (1621–1675).” In Notes and Records of the Royal Society of London, 91–97. London, England: The Royal Society of London.

Symons, Donald. 1979. The Evolution of Human Sexuality. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Thame, David. 2002. “Shelley’s Frankenstein, The Organization of Matter and the Spark of Life.” 49 (1):41–42.

The Library Company of Philadelphia. 2015. Overview of The Library Company of Philadelphia. The Library Company of Philadelphia. Online at (consulted 7 February 2015).

The Newgate Calendar. 1803. The Newgate Calendar: George Foster Executed at Newgate, 18th of January, 1803, for the Murder of his Wife and Child, by drowning them in the Paddington Canal; with a Curious Account of Galvanic Experiments on his Body. Newgate: The Newgate Calendar.

Thompson, John, et al. 2009. “The Allobrain: An interactive, stereographic, 3D audio, immersive virtual world.” International Journal of Human-Computer Studies 67 (11):934-946.

Thoré, Théophile. 1937. Dictionnaire de Phrénologie et de Physiognomonie. Bruxelles: Établissement encyclographique.

Thoreau, Henry David. 2004. Walden: A Fully Annotated Edition. Edited by Cramer, Jeffrey S: Yale University Press.

Thornton, John Leonard. 1982. Jan Van Rymsdyk: Medical Artist of the Eighteenth Century. Cambridge, England: Oleander Press.

Timbs, John. 1881. Anecdote Lives of William Hogarth, Sir Joshua Reynolds, Thomas Gainsborough, Henry Fuseli, Sir Thomas Lawrence, and J.M.W. Turner. London, England: R. Bentley.

Titchener, E. B. 1921. Brentano and Wundt: Empirical and Experimental Psychology. Vol. 32: American Journal of Psychology.

Tooby, John, and Leda Cosmides. 1992. “The Psychological Foundations of Culture.” In The Adapted Mind: Evolutionary Psychology and the Generation of Culture, edited by Barkow, Jerome H., Leda Cosmides and John Tooby. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Tooby, John, and Leda Cosmides. 2005. “Conceptual Foundations of Evolutionary Psychology.” In The Handbook of Evolutionary Psychology, edited by Buss, David M., 5–67. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.

Tomkins, Calvin. 2003. “Flying into the Light.” New Yorker Magazine. Vol. January 13, 2003. New York, NY: The New Yorker.

Tomory, Leslie. 2011. “Gaslight, Distillation, and the Industrial Revolution.” History of Science 49 (165):395–424.

Torrey, Edwin F., and Judy Miller. 2001. The Invisible Plague: The Rise of Mental Illness from 1750 to the Present. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.

Trachtenberg, Marvin. 1988. “Letter to the Editor: Trends in Art History.” The New York Times, January 14, 1988.

Trowbridge, Hoyt. 1939. “Platonism and Sir Joshua Reynolds.” English Studies 21 (1-6):1-7. doi: 10.1080/00138383908596690.

Turkle, Sherry. 2012. Alone Together: Why We Expect More from Technology and Less from Each Other. New York, NY: Basic Books.

Tweney, Ryan D. 1991. “Faraday’s Notebooks: The Active Organization of Creative Science.” Physics Education 26:301-306.

Tyler, Christopher W. 1978. “Some new entoptic phenomena.” Vision Research 18(12):1633-9..

Underwood, Michael. 1789. A Treatise on the Diseases of Children, with General Directions for the Management of Infants from Birth. London, England: J. Mathews.

University of California at Berkeley. 2014. Website for the University of California at Berkeley. Online at (consulted 14 August 2014).

Van Doren, Carl. 1991. Benjamin Franklin. New York, NY: Penguin Books.

van Leeuwen, Simon. 1672. Korte Besgryving van het Lugdunum Batavorum nu Leyden. Leiden.

van Rymsdyk, Jan, and Andreas van Rymsdyk. 1778. Museum Britannicum, Being an Exhibition of a Great Variety of Antiquities and Natural Curiosities, Belonging To the British Museum. Illustrated with Curious Prints and With Explanations by John and Andrew Van Rymsdyk. London, England: Moore.

Vanzo, Albert. 2012. “Kant on Experiment.” In Rationis Defensor: Essays in Honour of Colin Cheyne, edited by MacLaurin, Maes, 75-96. Springer Netherlands.

Varela, Francisco J, Evan Thompson, and Eleanor. Rosch. 1991. The Embodied Mind: Cognitive Science and Human Experience. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press,.

Vasari, Giorgio. 1550/1915. Lives of the Most Eminent Painters, Sculptures and Architects. Translated by de Vere, Gaston Du. X vols. Vol. III. London, England: Philip Lee Warner.

Verano, John W, and Stanley Finger. 2010. “Ancient Trepanation.” In Handbook of Clinical Neurology, edited by Finger, Stanley, François Boller and Kenneth L. Tyler, 3-14. London, England: Elsevier.

Vesalius, Andreas. 1538. Tabulae Anatomicae. Venice, Italy.

Vesalius, Andreas. 1543a. De Humani Corporis Fabrica Librorum Epitome. Basel: Sp Coll Hunterian Ce. 1. 18.

Vesalius, Andreas. 1543b. De Humani Corporis Fabrica Libri Septem [Title page: Andreae Vesalii Bruxellensis, scholae medicorum Patauinae professoris De humani corporis fabrica libri septem]. Basileae [Basel]: Ex officina Basileae [Basel]: Ex officina Joannis Oporini.

Vesalius, Andreas. 1543c/2003. Printer’s Note to the Reader. In Editions of Andreas Vesalius’ De Humani Corporis Fabrica. Translated by Nutton, V. Northwestern University, Evanston, IL.: Libri Septem.

Vesalius, Andreas. 1543d/2003. To the Divine Charles V, the Mightiest and Most Unvanquished Emperor: Andreas Vesalius’ preface to his books on the Fabric of the Human Body: An Annotated Translation of the1543 and 1555 Editions of Andreas Vesalius’ De Humani Corporis Fabrica. Translated by Nutton, V. Vol. Libri Septem. Northwestern University, Evanston, IL.

Vesalius, Andreas, and J. B. de C. M. Sauders. 1943/1950. The Illustrations from the Works of Andreas Vesalius of Brussels. Translated by O’Malley, Charles Donald. Cleveland and New York: The World Publishing Company.

Vesalius, Andreas, J. B. de C. M. Saunders, and Charles Donald O’Malley. 1950. Illustrations from the Works of Andreas Vesalius of Brussels; with annotations and translations, a discussion of the plates and their background, authorship and influence, and a biographical sketch of Vesalius. Cleveland: World Pub. Co.

Victor, Daniel. 2015. “Hitchhiking Robot, Safe in Several Countries, Meets Its End in Philadelphia.” New York Times. 3 August 2015.

Vidal, F. 2013. “Prospero Lambertini’s ‘On the Imagination and Its Powers’.” In Storia, medicina e diritto nei trattati di Prospero Lambertini-Benedetto, edited by Fattori, M.T. Rome: Edizioni di storia e letteratura.

von Molnár, Géza 2002. “Hidden in Plain View: Another Look at Goethe’s Faust.” Eighteenth-Century Studies. 35 (3):469-96.

von Staden, H. 1992. “The Discovery of the Body: Human Dissection and its Cultural Contexts in Ancient Greece.” Yale J Biol Med 65 (3):223-41.

Vons, Jacqueline. 2006. “[Epitome, an ignored work of Andreas Vesalius].” Hist Sci Med 40 (2):177-89.

Wade, Nicholas J. 2011. “The Scientist and the Sixth Sense.” In Art and the Senses, edited by Bacci, Francesca and David Melcher, 19–57. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press.

Warburton, Nigel. 2003. The Art Question. London and New York: Routledge.

Ward, Aileen. 1989. “‘Sir Joshua and His Gang’: William Blake and the Royal Academy.” Huntington Library Quarterly 52 (1):75-95. doi: 10.2307/3817552.

Watson, Robert I. 1979. Basic Writings in the History of Psychology. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Weeks, John M, and Jason de Medeiros. 2014. A Research Guide to the Ancient World: Print and Electronic Sources. Boulder, New York and London, England: Rowman and Littlefield Publishers.

Weissmann, Gerald. 2010. “X-ray Politics: Lenard vs. Rontgen and Einstein.” FASEB J 24 (6):1631-4. doi: 10.1096/fj.10-0601ufm.

Weschler, Lawrence. 2008. True to Life: Twenty-Five Years of Conversations with David Hockney. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Weschler, Lawrence. 2009. Seeing Is Forgetting the Name of the Thing One Sees: Expanded Edition. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Westermann, M. 2000. Rembrandt (Art and Ideas). London, England: Phaidon Press.

Whale, James. 1931. Frankenstein. Universal Pictures.

Whitaker, Harry A, C.U.M. Smith, and Stanley Finger. 2007. Brain, Mind and Medicine: Essays in Eighteenth-Century Neuroscience. New York, NY: Springer.

Whitehead, Alfred North. 1929. Process and Reality: An Essay in Cosmology. New York and Cambridge: The Macmillan Company and University Press.

Whitfield, John. 2009. Classic Behavioral Studies Flawed: Nobel Prizewinner took Short Cuts to Show that the Way Gulls Feed is Instinctive. Nature. Online at (consulted by 15 July 2014).

Whitman, Walt. 1855/1891. Leaves of Grass. Philadelphia, PA: David McKay.

Wilde, Oscar. 1891/2007. The Critic as Artist. New York, NY: Mondial.

Will, Frederic. 1957. “Blake’s Quarrel with Reynolds.” The Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 15 (3):340-349. doi: 10.2307/427298.

Willis, Thomas. 1664. Cerebri Anatome: Cui Accessit Nervorum Descriptio et Usus. London, England: J. Flesher.

Willis, Thomas. 1664/1964. The Anatomy of the Brain and Nerves (Cerebri Anatome). Edited by Feindel, W. Montreal: McGill University Press.

Willis, Thomas. 1664/1978. The Anatomy of the Brain and Nerves (Tercentenary Edition, 1664–1964). Edited by Feindel, W. Birmingham, AL: Classics of Medicine Library.

Willis, Thomas. 1667. An Essay of the Pathology of the Brain and Nervous Stock. Translated by Pordage, Samuel. Edited by Pordage, Samuel. London: Printed by J.B. for Thomas Dring.

Willis, Thomas. 1672/1683. Two Discourses Concerning the Soul of Brutes, Which Is That of the Vital and Sensitive of Man. The first is physiological, shewing the nature, parts, powers, and affections of the same. The other is pathological, which unfolds the diseases which affect it and its primary seat; to wit, the brain and nervous stock, and treats of their cures: with copper cuts. Edited by Pordage, Samuel. London, England: Printed for Thomas Dring etc.

Wilson-Bareau, Juliet. 1998. Manet, Monet, and the Gare Saint-Lazare. Washington DC: National Gallery of Art.

Wilson, Edward O. 1975. Sociobiology: The New Synthesis. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.

Wittendorff, Alex. 1994. Tyge Brahe. Copenhagen: G.E.C. Gad.

Wittgenstein, Ludwig. 1999. Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus. Translated by Ogden, C. K. Mineola, NY: Dover Publications.

Wood, Anthony. 1813. Athenae Oxonienses. An Exact History of all the Writers and Bishops Who have had their Education in the University of Oxford. London: Printed for F. C. & J. Rivington; etc.

Wood, Gaby. 2002. Edison’s Eve: A Magical History of the Quest for Mechanical Life. New York, NY: A.A. Knopf.

Wunderlich, Silvia A. 1944. “Greek Art and Greek Medicine.” Bulletin of the Medical Library Association 32 (3):324–331.

Wundt, Wilhelm Max. 1874. Grundzüge de Physiologischen Psychologie. Leipzig: W. Engelman.

Wygant, Amy. 2007. Medea, Magic, and Modernity in France: Stages and Histories, 1553-1797. Aldershot, England and Burlington, VT: Ashgate Pub. Company.

Zaidel, Dahlia W. 2005. Neuropsychology of Art: Neurological, Cognitive, and Evolutionary Perspectives. Hove England; New York, NY: Psychology Press.

Zaidel, Dahlia W. 2010. “Art and Brain: Insights from Neuropsychology, Biology and Evolution.” Journal of Anatomy 216 (2):177-183. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-7580.2009.01099.x.

Zaidel, Dahlia W. 2016. Neuropsychology of Art: Neurological, Cognitive, and Evolutionary Perspectives (Second Edition). Hove England ; New York: Psychology Press.

Zeki, Semir. 2009. Splendors and Miseries of the Brain: Love, Creativity, and the Quest for Human Happiness. Chichester, UK; Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell.

Zeki, Semir. 2011. “Colored Shadows at the Museum of Contemporary Art in Milan.” Semir Zeki’s Musings. Online at (consulted 15 May 2015).

Zeki, Semir, and Vijay Patel. 2011. White on White: Beyond Malevich. Museo Pecci Milano. Online at (consulted 15 May 2015).

Zellers, Erin. 2011. Scripta Manent: Descartes … L’Homme the Journey to Print. Special Collections and Rare Books, University of Missouri Libraries. Online at (consulted 16 July 2015).

Zimmer, Carl. 2004. Soul Made Flesh: The Discovery of the Brain — and How it Changed the World. New York, NY: Free Press.